• Higher costs do not necessarily mean better quality.
    Generics - a lower cost alternative

  • ARE THEY THE SAME?

    Yes, Generic medicines are evaluated by Health Canada to confirm that they are bioequivalent to their respective brands, that is, they are equal in terms of safety, the way they function in the body, and have the same level of high quality similar to their brand-name counterparts.

  • In CANADA,
    generics cost an average of
    60%
    less than brand-name drugs

  • Generic drugs accounted for 57% of all
    dispensed prescriptions
    in 2017

  • Generics are every bit as safe and effective
    as the brand-name drug

LEARN

more about generic drugs

CHOOSE

affordable medicine

ACT

now, start talking

Reference List

1. A joint statement from the pan-Canadian Pharmaceutical Alliance and the Canadian Generic Pharmaceutical Association. Canadian Generics Web site.
http://canadiangenerics.ca/wp-content/uploads/01.29.18-pCPA-Generics-2.0-Media-Statement_ENG_FINAL.pdf. Updated October 2017. Accessed September 4, 2018.

2. Abbreviated New Drug Submission (ANDS). Investopedia Website.
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/abbreviated-new-drug-submission-ands.asp. Accessed August 30, 2018.

3. Access to generic drugs in Canada. Health Canada Website.
https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/drugs-health-products/drug-products/fact-sheets/access-to-generic-drugs.html Updated May 2018. Accessed Sep 3, September.

4. Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients. Health Canada Website.
https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/drugs-health-products/compliance-enforcement/information-health-product/drugs/active-pharmaceutical-ingredients-questions-answers.html. Accessed August 29, 2018.

5. Alignment among public formularies in Canada. The National Prescription Drug Utilization Information System (NPDUIS) Website. http://www.pmprb-cepmb.gc.ca/CMFiles/NPDUIS/NPDUIS_formulary_report_part_1_en.pdf. Updated October 2017. Accessed September 3, 2018.

6. Anis AH. Pharmaceutical policies in Canada: another example of federal-provincial discord. CMAJ. 2000;162(4):523-526.

7. Are generics as good as brand-name drugs? University of Victoria Website.
https://www.uvic.ca/hr/assets/docs/benefits/Generic%20vs%20Brand%20Name.pdf. Updated May 2013. Accessed September 4, 2018.

8. Bioavailability and Bioequivalence. Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Website.
https://www.cadth.ca/sites/default/files/pdf/What_Are_Bioavailability_and_Bioequivalence_e.pdf. Accessed August 30, 2018.

9. Bioequivalence. CGPA Website. http://canadiangenerics.ca/get-the-facts/bioequivalence/. Accessed August 29, 2018.

10. Canada’s generics industry to cut prices by up to 40%. GaBi Online Web site.
http://www.gabionline.net/Generics/General/Canada-s-generics-industry-to-cut-prices-by-up-to-40. Accessed August 31, 2018.

11. Canadian generic drug sector study. 2007. Competition Bureau Canada Website.
http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/vwapj/Competition%20Bureau%20Generic%20Drug%20Sector%20Study.pdf/$FILE/Competition%20Bureau%20Generic%20Drug%20Sector%20Study.pdf Updated October 2007. Accessed Sep 3, 2018.

12. Canadian Market Facts. CGPA Web site. http://canadiangenerics.ca/get-the-facts/canadian-market-facts/#info. Accessed September 05, 2018.

13. CGPA consumer brochure.
http://canadiangenerics.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/CGPA_ConsumerBrochure2015_PAAB_Web_Eng_Flat.pdf. Updated October 2015. Accessed Sep 3, 2018.

14. Weinstock-Guttman B, Nair KV, Glajch JL, Ganguly TC, Kantor D. Two decades of glatiramer acetate: From initial discovery to the current development of generics. ‎J Neurol Sci. 2017;376:255-259.

15. Drug Reimbursement in Canada. Innomar Strategies Web site.
https://www.innomar-strategies.com/insights/drug-reimbursement-in-canada. Accessed September 5, 2018.

16. Ensuring a Consistent Supply of Safe, Effective and High-Quality Generic Medicines for CGPA Website.
http://canadiangenerics.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/10.17.16DeloitteGlobalSupplyChainReport_ENG_FINAL.pdf. Accessed August 31, 2018.

17. Fact Sheet – Biosimilars. Health Canada Website.
https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/drugs-health-products/biologics-radiopharmaceuticals-genetic-therapies/applications-submissions/guidance-documents/fact-sheet-biosimilars.html. Accessed September 04, 2018.

18. Facts about generic drugs. FDA Website.
https://wayback.archive-it.org/7993/20170722032925/https://www.fda.gov/Drugs/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/BuyingUsingMedicineSafely/UnderstandingGenericDrugs/ucm167991.htm. Accessed August 29, 2018.

19. Generic and brand name drugs: understanding the basics. DBSA Web site. http://www.dbsalliance.org/pdfs/GenericRx.pdf. Updated 2007. Accessed September 3, 2018.

20. Generic drug industry agrees to cut prices up to 40% in 5-year deal with provinces. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Web site. https://www.cbc.ca/news/health/generic-drug-prices-1.4509073. Accessed August 31, 2018.

21. Generic drugs: Questions & Answers. FDA Website.
https://www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/consumers/questionsanswers/ucm100100.htm. Accessed August 31, 2018.

22. Generic drugs: Your questions answered. 2018. https://www.cadth.ca/generic-drugs/your-questions-answered/ Updated July 2015. Accessed September 3, 2018.

23. Generic medication substitution. CADDAC Web site. http://caddac.ca/adhd/document/generic-medication-substitution/ Updated 2017. Accessed September 3, 2018.

24. Generic medicine-same quality, safety and efficacy as brand name drugs. CGPA Website.
http://canadiangenerics.ca/get-the-facts/generic-medicine/. Accessed August 31, 2018.

25. Generics360 – Generic drugs in Canada. Government of Canada Website.
http://www.pmprb-cepmb.gc.ca/view.asp?ccid=1347&lang=en. Updated 2016. Accessed August 29, 2018.

26. Grootendorst P, Bouchard R, Hollis A. Canada’s laws on pharmaceutical intellectual property: the case for fundamental reform. CMAJ. 2012:184(5):543-549

27. Guidance For Industry - Management of Drug Submissions_2013. Government of Canada Website.
https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/hc-sc/migration/hc-sc/dhp-mps/alt_formats/pdf/prodpharma/applic-demande/guide-ld/mgmt-gest/mands_gespd-eng.pdf. Accessed September 04, 2018.

28. Health Products and Food Branch. Health Canada Website.
https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/corporate/about-health-canada/branches-agencies/health-products-food-branch.html

29. Yet another biosimilar seems as safe and as effective as Herceptin. Breast Cancer Website.
https://www.breastcancer.org/research-news/another-herceptin-biosimilar-shows-promise. Accessed November 07, 2018

30. Humanized monoclonal antibody. National Cancer Institute Website.
https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/def/humanized-monoclonal-antibody Accessed September 17, 2018

31. O’Grady K. Four ways Canadians can save money on prescription meds. The Globe and Mail Web site.
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-investor/personal-finance/household-finances/four-ways-canadians-can-save-money-on-prescription-meds/article33825086/. Updated May 2018. Accessed September 3, 2018.

32. Palmer WN. Ontario’s generic pricing policy. What does it mean for the patented medicines industry. PDCI Market Access Website. http://pdci.ca/pdf/events/Palmer%20Presentation%20Strategy%20Institute%20November%202010.pdf. Accessed on September 3, 2018.

33. Picard A. Patent expiry for some blockbuster drugs presents huge saving opportunity. 2018.
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health-and-fitness/patent-expiry-for-some-blockbuster-drugs-presents-huge-saving-opportunity/article4322763/. Accessed September 3, 2018.

34. Prescription Drug Market: The world is turning to generics. Market Realist Website.
https://marketrealist.com/2015/03/affordable-pricing-driving-generic-drug-market. Accessed September 04, 2018.

35. Rocco P, Musazzi UM, Franzè S, Minghetti P. Copies of nonbiological complex drugs: generic, hybrid or biosimilar? Drug Discov Today. 2018. pii: S1359-6446(18)30082-5

36. Similarities and differences between brand name and generic drugs.
https://www.cadth.ca/generic-drugs/similarities-and-differences-between-brand-name-and-generic-drugs. Updated July 2015. Accessed September 3, 2018.

37. Thangaraj M, Ganesan SP. Discovery of drug brand names from the web. Int J Adv Technol.2016.7;170:1-8.

38. The central role of excipients in drug formulation. European Pharmaceutical Review Website.
https://www.europeanpharmaceuticalreview.com/article/18434/the-central-role-of-excipients-in-drug-formulation-2/. Accessed August 29, 2018.

39. The generic pharmaceutical industry’s role in Canadian healthcare. CGPA Website.
http://canadiangenerics.ca/wp-content/uploads/Generic_Role_Healthcare_2018_ENGLISH.pdf Updated May 2018. Accessed Sep 3, 2018.

40. The Safety and Effectiveness of Generic Drugs. Government of Canada Website.
https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/healthy-living/your-health/medical-information/safety-effectiveness-generic-drugs.html. Accessed August 30, 2018.

41. The truth about generics vs. brand-name medications. https://www.huffingtonpost.in/entry/generic-prescriptions_n_6730194. Updated February 2015. Accessed September 4, 2018.